PIB (14/10/2018 – 21/10/2018)
PM’s meeting with Global Oil and Gas Experts/CEOs – 15/10/2018
To reduce energy cost, PM makes a strong case for partnership between producers and consumers in the oil market.
- CEOs and Experts from the Oil and Gas sector, from both India and abroad, met Prime Minister Narendra Modi today.
- The gathering included Ministers from Saudi Arabia and UAE, and CEOs and experts from organisations including Saudi ARAMCO, ADNOC, BP, Rosneft, IHS Markit, Pioneer Natural Resources Company, Emerson Electric Company, Tellurian, Mubadala Investment Company, Schlumberger Ltd., Wood Mackenzie, World Bank, International Energy Agency (IEA), NIPFP, Brookings India and various Indian companies involved in both upstream and downstream operations.
- Union Ministers Shri Arun Jaitley and Shri Dharmendra Pradhan; Vice-Chairman NITI Aayog Dr. Rajiv Kumar and senior officials from the Union Government and NITI Aayog were also present at the interaction.
- The experts made a special mention of India’s competitive ranking from the upstream investment point of view which has gone up from 56 to 44. Subjects such as expansion of oil and gas infrastructure in India; enhancing exploration and production; potential in solar energy and biofuels; and the Union Government’s holistic approach to the energy sector came up for discussion. The experts appreciated the unique initiative of this kind of a dialogue, which brings various stakeholders together on policy matters.
- Prime Minister noted that the oil market is producer driven; and both the quantity and prices are determined by the oil producing countries. Though there is enough production, the unique features of marketing in the oil sector have pushed up the oil prices.
- Prime Minister Modi made a strong case for a partnership between the producers and consumers, in the oil market, as it exists in other markets. This will help stabilise the global economy which is on path of recovery.
- Mr. Modi drew attention of the experts on certain key policy issues relevant to India. Firstly, he highlighted that the consuming countries, due to rising crude oil prices, face many other economic challenges including serious resource crunch. The cooperation of the oil producing countries would be very critical to bridge this gap. He appealed to oil producing countries to channel their investible surplus to pursue commercial exploitation in oil sector in the developing countries.
- Secondly, he spoke of higher acreage under exploration and sought cooperation of the developed countries both in terms of technology and extension of coverage.
- Thirdly, he sought the role of private participation in the distribution of gas sector. Talking of technology, he appealed for assistance in areas where high pressure and high temperature technology applications are relevant to commercial exploitation of natural gas.
- Lastly and importantly, he requested for review of payment terms so as to provide temporary relief to the local currency.
Prime Minister highlighted the liberalisation in gas pricing and marketing which has been particularly in deep waters and requiring technology for high pressure high temperature exploitation. He made a mention of open acreage licensing policy, early monetisation of coal bed methane, incentives for discovery of small fields and seismic survey at a national level. Talking of ongoing commercial exploitation, he made a special mention of extension of production sharing contracts.
Women participation is 75% in the production of major crops in the country – (15/10/2018)
Special importance is being given to the role of women in achieving the goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022
- The government has allocated more than 30% funds for women under various major schemes, programs and development related activities in order to bring women in the agriculture mainstream.
- Stating this on the occasion of Mahila Kisan Diwas, Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh informed that about 18% of the agricultural households in India are led by women. In addition to agriculture, women have been making exceptional contribution in horticulture, fisheries, animal husbandry, beekeeping etc.
- The Minister disclosed that a research by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) conducted in nine states shows that the participation of women is 75% in the production of major crops, 79% in horticulture, 51% in post-harvest work and 95% in animal husbandry and fisheries.
- He further said that a National Gender Resource Centre in Agriculture, set up in the Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, has developed a women sensitization module to bring about change in the mindset and behaviour of male program operators. In 2017-18, DAC&FW’s MANAGE, EEI, SAMETI and other institutions have trained 5645 people through 222 programmes. Besides, more than 98.14 lakh women farmers have been trained so far under the ATMA scheme.
- Shri Singh said that special importance is being given to the role of women in achieving the goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022. Keeping this in mind, the inter-ministerial committee formed under the chairmanship of Dr. Dalwai has written a separate chapter on the empowerment of women to double the income of farmers.
- These efforts will certainly prove to be effective in enhancing the participation of women in agriculture. The Central Institute for Women in Agriculture, Bhubaneswar (Odisha), set up under the ICAR, has also been working in this direction.
- The Minister stated that cooperative education programs of women are organized through State Cooperative Societies to ensure women participation in various activities in the field of cooperatives.
- Under the National Cooperative Union of India (NCUI), 38.78 lakh women have been trained in the last two years. Similarly, 6.07 lakh and 7000 women have benefited through KVKs and skill training respectively. A total of 53.34 lakh women have benefited during the year 2016-17 and 2017-18.
- He said that government’s revised ATMA scheme is providing support to the Food Security Groups of the farmers to ensure food security at the domestic and community levels. Under this, the Women’s Food Security Groups are being given financial assistance at the rate of 2 groups / per block and at the rate of Rs 10,000 per group / per year. The Minister congratulated women farmers and praised their commendable contribution in taking India to the path of Second Green Revolution and in changing the landscape of development in the country.
Guidelines and Model Concessionaire Agreement for Public Private Partnership for Non Communicable Diseases in launched by NITI Aayog – (17/10/2018)
PPP Units to be set up in District Hospitals Prevention and treatment of Cardio Vascular diseases, Cancers and Pulmonary Diseases under the ambit
- NITI Aayog launched the Guidelines and Model Concessionaire Agreement, MCA for Public Private Partnership, PPP for Non Communicable Diseases. The documents have been designed to supplement efforts for provision of prevention and treatment services of non-communicable diseases related to Cardiac Sciences, Oncology, and Pulmonary Sciences at the district hospitals especially in tier 2 & 3 cities.
- The documents have been developed by NITI Aayog in partnership with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, State Governments and representatives from the healthcare industry. Member NITI Aayog, Dr.V K Paulalong with partner agencies involved in preparation of the two documents were presented.
i. PPP units to be established in District Hospitals
ii.Model covers prevention and treatment of 3 Non-Communicable Diseases viz. Cardio Vascular diseases, Cancers and Pulmonary diseases.
iii.Scope of services:
a)Oncology: Palliative care, Medicinal /Conservative Management (including Chemotherapy, Growth Inhibitors & Hormone Therapy)
b)Pulmonology: Emergency Management of acute syndromes, Medicinal/Conservative Management for COPD, Bronchial Asthma and Bronchoscopy.
c)Cardiology: Emergency Management of acute syndromes, Medicinal/Conservative Management and Angiography/Angioplasty.
iv. All these services in PPP facility to be offered by a Single partner or a single consortium of private partners.
v. Private partner to invest in upgrading/building and equipping the facility and responsible for operational management and service delivery.
vi.Government to provide physical space & other infrastructure in ‘as-is where-is’ condition, provide support facilities and hospital amenities.
vii.User Fee to be fixed as the package rates discovered periodically through States/ Centre Insurance Scheme(s). States which do not have such insurance packages, could use CGHS package rates for period when such insurance rates are not available.
viii. Viability Gap Funding (VGF) to be provided by the government(s) should be used as the parameter for bidding in the project.
- The guidelines comes in the backdrop of the fact that the contribution of non-communicable diseases (NCD) to the overall disease burden in the country has increased over the years. In the past many district hospitals in the country have focused mainly on communicable diseases, reproductive and child health. As a result of which the capacity for handling NCD cases has not been adequately developed.
- Health and wellness component of Ayushman Bharat will address the requirements of preventive and promotive health services through Health & Wellness Centres. Despite the best intent to promote wellness and deliver a broad range of services through these Centres, some cases will require hospitalized treatment and will spill over to district hospitals.
- Presently, in India patients have to travel long distances for availing medical services for NCDs due to urban bias in the availability of private health care, especially secondary and tertiary care which is disproportionately skewed towards Tier-1 cities. The patients in mofussil towns and rural areas are largely under-serviced. In this context, PPP for NCDs in district hospitals will play a pivotal role in ensuring the availability of the services at least at the district headquarters.
- The Model Concessionaire Agreement(MCA) and the guidelines co-locating private players for the Non Communicable Diseases – Cardiac, Oncology, and Pulmonary diseases at district hospital covers the rationale, roles and responsibilities, partnership structure, governance and management structure etc. These PPP guidelines and MCA target the critical gaps that can be filled by ‘strategic purchasing’ in public health services highlighted in the National Health Policy 2017. This would play a key role in directing private investment towards those areas and those services for which currently there are no providers or few providers.
- The MCA and Guidelines for the provision of prevention and treatment services for NCDs could be adapted and customized by each State to ultimately develop appropriate strategies in accordance with the requirements provided in these documents. This will make it easier for the State to use these templates and modify them appropriately to invite bidders.