India flays Pakistani SC move on Gilgit-Baltistan:

  • India summoned a Pakistani diplomat and protested against a recent order of the Supreme Court of Pakistan that brought the region of Gilgit-Baltistan within its ambit.
  • The region was, and would remain, an integral part of India.

Islamabad’s move:

  • Pakistan in recent months had taken a series of steps to ensure full
    flags of Pakistan and India painted on cracked wall

    constitutional and legal guarantees to the region which was strategically important for the country especially in view of the passage of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor through the region.


  •  The priorities for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) this year are working on the human space flight programme Gaganyaan and launching a major student outreach apart from the scheduled missions.
  • A separate Human Space Flight Centre has been formed in ISRO. The Gaganyaan project will come under it and that’s how we will target the first unmanned mission in December 2020.

Young scientist scheme:

  • this year ISRO is planning to spread its wings in new areas, a Young Scientist Programme (YSP) , termed it as their most important project to reach out to students.
  • Under the YSP, three students, 8th standard pass, would be selected from each of the 29 States and seven Union Territories and will spend one month at ISRO during which they will be given lectures, get access to research and development and will be given experience to build a satellite.

This year ISRO has planned 32 missions, including 14 launch vehicles, 17 space craft and one demo.

Chilika Lake possesses 20% of India’s seagrass:

  • Chilika Lake is claimed to have 20% of India’s seagrass distribution, which plays a vital role in oxygen production and absorption of carbon dioxide and acts as a purifier in aquatic ecology.
  • According to the Chilika Development Authority, the apex body for the Lake’s management, seagrass species such as Holodule uninervis, Holodule pinifolia, Halophila ovalis, Halophila ovata and Halophila beccarii were

    recorded during annual monitoring of the Chilika Lake .

  • Seagrass distribution has been estimated over an area of 152 sq. km, an increase from 135 sq km in the last year. Increase in seagrass has been reported against its declining trend throughout the world and now Chilika has 20% of India’s seagrass.
  • It acts as a purifier in aquatic ecology. The seagrass area increases only when the water is clean. Seagrass will rejuvenate fishing ground by providing nursery habitat to important fish species.
  • After the recent eviction of large area of prawn gherry in the southern sector of the lake, the sponges are observed abundantly in Patanasi and Kumarpur area.
  • Some of the indicators that emerged during the monitoring established the lake’s resilient ecosystem. The annual survey of endangered Irrawaddy dolphins conducted finds population of aquatic mammals in the range of 130-150.


Data colonisation by global corporates:

  • Flagging concerns about increasing data colonisation by global corporations, urged Prime Minister Narendra Modi to take steps against the way some global corporations were ‘colonising data’ of Indian users in the rapidly growing digital economy in the country.
  • Citing Mahatma Gandhi’s movement against political colonisation during the struggle for Independence, India now needed a new movement against data colonisation, especially against global corporations colonising data of Indian users.
  • Gandhiji led India’s movement against political colonisation. Today, we have to collectively launch a new movement against data colonization.
  • For India to succeed in this data driver revolution, we will have to migrate the control and ownership of Indian data back to India — in other words, Indian wealth back to every Indian.

Growing demand:

  • A growing demand from the authorities and a section of local corporates seeking companies to store data of Indian consumers locally.

  • It may be noted that the Indian government wants companies doing business in India to store all customer data locally, a demand some global corporations are not inclined to comply with.


Besides the Centre, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), in April 2018, ordered companies to store the “the entire data relating to payment systems operated by them, in a system only in India” so as to ensure “unfettered supervisory access” for “better monitoring.” Global Internet giants like Google had complained about the six-month deadline. The Union Government has been considering a draft data security law that requires data centres for all companies to be physically located within India to store data of Indian consumers.

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