AFA DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS- 23/01/2019


PRELIMS


ILO urges universal labour guarantee:

  • As heads of State and business leaders gather in Davos for the World Economic Forum this week, the UN agency that sets international labour standards is asking them to commit to a universal labour guarantee, universal social protection from birth to old age, an international governance system for the gig economy, and a human-in-command approach to artificial intelligence.
  • The International Labour Organisation (ILO) warned that “without decisive action we will be sleepwalking into a world that widens inequality, increases uncertainty and reinforces exclusion, with destructive political, social and economic repercussions.”
  • Around the world, 190 million people are unemployed, while 300 million workers live in extreme poverty, according to the ILO. Wage gaps are growing at a time of declining wage growth.
  • Two-thirds of jobs in the developing world are susceptible to automation, and only 15% of households in emerging countries have Internet access. Implementing the Paris Climate Agenda could create 24 million new jobs, but it could still be brutal to the 6 million workers expected to lose their jobs in the transition to a greener economy.
  • In such a situation, the ILO asked all countries to “place people at the centre of economic and social policy”, ensuring that final decisions are taken by human beings.

‘in-chamber’ decision on Art. 35A plea:

  • In August last year, the court indicated that it would consider the question of whether Article 35A was violative of the Basic Structure of the Constitution.
  • The special status was bestowed on Jammu and Kashmir by incorporating Article 35A in the Constitution. Article 35A was incorporated by an order of President Rajendra Prasad in 1954 on the advice of the Nehru Cabinet.
  • Parliament was not consulted when the President incorporated Article 35A into the Constitution through a Presidential Order issued under Article 370. Article 368 (i) of the Constitution mandates that only the Parliament can amend the Constitution by introducing a new article.
  • Article 35A gives the J&K Legislature a carte blanche to decide the ‘permanent residents’ of the State and grant them special rights and privileges in State public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare programmes.

Domestic Air traffic goes 13% on:

  • Domestic passenger traffic in December 2018 grew 12.91% compared with November 2018 as per data provided by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).
  • In December, all the airlines flew a total of 126.93 lakh passengers compared with 112.42 lakh passengers in the previous month.
  • For the whole year (January to December 2018) the growth was 18.6%. All domestic airlines flew 1,389.76 lakh passengers as compared with 1,171.76 lakh passengers in the calendar year 2017.

Source: THE HINDU


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