AFA DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS- 31/01/2019


PRELIMS


DIPP to Department of Promotional of Industry and Internal Trade:

  • The government is changing the name of the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, and has enhanced its role.
  • Enhanced roles is included with four new categories of responsibilities the renamed body will be in charge of, including the promotion of internal trade (including retail trade), the welfare of traders and their employees, matters relating to facilitating Ease of Doing Business, and matters relating to start-ups.
  • These are in addition to the previous responsibilities of the erstwhile DIPP relating to general industrial policy, administration of the Industries (Development and Regulation) Act, 1951, industrial management, productivity in industry, and matters related to e-commerce.

Study Report:

Cow urine- adding to Global Warming:

  • Cow urine — a minor fount of research in India for its medicinal benefits — may also contribute to global warming.The urine from the ruminant is a source of nitrous oxide emissions (N2O), a gas that is 300 times more powerful than carbon dioxide.
  • When cow urine is used in degraded pastures, which are also seen in vast tracts of land in India, N2O emissions are tripled, says a study conducted in Colombia, Argentina, Brazil, Nicaragua, Trinidad and Tobago, and published in the latest edition of the peer-reviewed Scientific Reports .
  • Dung and urine are commonly mixed together for manure in Indian fields. Since, India also hosts the world’s largest livestock population, as well as significant tracts of degraded land, the findings may have a bearing on nitrogen emissions from Indian fields.
  • That cattle and livestock are a significant source of methane, a greenhouse gas, and therefore a contributor to global warming.
  • A 2012 satellite study by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said that about 30% of India’s geographical area (or about 96.4 million hectares) is degraded.
  • Studies like these are probably needed and useful for Indian livestock emission studies. The study was conducted by the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Colombia.

Source: THE HINDU


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